Crack Cocaine Addiction

What is Crack Cocaine?

Crack cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant drug. Crack cocaine effects can negatively impact people’s lives in many ways.


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Crack Cocaine Definition

Crack cocaine is a powerful stimulant drug that is known to be highly addictive. Crack is usually found in white or off-white rocks, which can then be smoked.
Crack cocaine effects stem from a by-product of powdered cocaine. It is made by way of a conversion process that involves dissolving powdered cocaine in a mixture of water, sodium bicarbonate, and ammonia. The result is a solid form that can be broken down into crack cocaine rocks for people to smoke.1

Cocaine vs. Crack Addiction

Cocaine and crack are the same drug in different forms. Both substances are highly addictive, and as a result, they can be very dangerous. The main difference between crack and cocaine is how the drugs are administered. Cocaine is snorted, rubbed directly onto the gums, or injected, whereas crack is smoked.

Another difference between crack and cocaine is the rate at which the drug kicks in, as well as the intensity of the high. The effects of crack are intense, and they set in very quickly, but the high only lasts for about ten minutes on average. Cocaine, on the other hand, takes longer to kick in and the high lasts about thirty minutes, though it is much less intense than the high from crack.

The short and intense effects of smoking crack can make an addiction more severe since people are more likely to use it in a binge-like pattern. Repeated abuse of crack is dangerous, and it can cause someone to form a dependence on the drug.

That dependence makes someone feel like they cannot function normally without using it. Therefore, getting proper help for crack addiction is so important.2

Addiction to Crack Cocaine

Crack addiction is serious. It can negatively impact people’s lives in many ways, but with the right treatment and support system, you can recover from an addiction to crack.

Crack Cocaine Recovery Statistics

Recovery from crack addiction is possible. Many people have gone through crack addiction treatment and successfully recovered. However, treatment professionals must also watch out for the risk of relapse. Studies have found that approximately 23.5% of people report using crack cocaine within a year after finishing treatment.3

This means that treatment programs must account for the risk of relapse due to the highly addictive effects of crack. By putting the proper relapse prevention system in place, treatment programs can significantly decrease the number of people who will relapse, which will create higher chances of a successful recovery for each person.

How Long Does Addiction to Crack Cocaine Last?

There is no set time for how long an addiction will last or how long it will take someone to recover. Typically, addiction treatment programs are three months long. However, for more severe addictions, longer treatment plans may be recommended. Drug addiction is serious and learning how to manage the long-term effects is an essential component to maintaining long-term sobriety.

Crack Cocaine Addiction Signs and Symptoms

Crack cocaine addiction symptoms may be physical, psychological, or behavioral. It’s important to look out for key symptoms of addiction. By keeping an eye out for the signs of crack cocaine addiction, you’ll be able to better determine if someone is struggling.

Physical Symptoms

If someone is addicted to crack, they may show the following physical signs of addiction:

Psychological and Behavioral Symptoms

Those struggling with an addiction may also display the following physical and behavioral symptoms:4

Crack Cocaine Addiction Effects and Dangers

crack cocaine addiction
There are many effects and dangers associated with both short and long-term crack addiction.

What is Crack Cocaine Addiction Like?

When someone uses crack, they will experience a euphoric and energized high that lasts for a short duration of time. This feeling can be a pleasurable effect for some, which can lead to continual use of the drug.

Over time, repeated use of crack cocaine will increase someone’s tolerance, meaning they will need to take higher doses of the drug to receive the same effects. Frequently using high doses of crack cocaine leads to a dependence on the drug, making people feel like they can’t function normally without it.

Someone who develops a physical or psychological dependence on a drug will experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking the drug. This can lead to erratic behavior that can have many negative consequences on someone’s life. Withdrawal symptoms can make someone feel the need to keep using crack even when the drug itself harms them in other areas of their life.

Short-Term Effects

When someone uses crack for a short period of time, they will experience a short-lived, intense high that creates a burst of energy. Following the high, the person who smoked crack will experience a sudden crash.
During a crash from crack cocaine, someone may experience adverse effects, like depression, fatigue, and cravings that make them want to use more of the drug. Short-term use of crack cocaine can result in a loss of appetite, increased heart rate, paranoia, and irrational behavior.

Long-Term Effects

Those who abuse crack cocaine for a long period of time may struggle with numerous health consequences. Health consequences associated with long-term crack cocaine use are as follows:5

Crack Cocaine Withdrawal and Risk Factors

Crack Cocaine Addiction Risk Factors

Many risk factors are associated with crack addiction. When someone is addicted to crack, they will develop a tolerance, and from there, the tolerance will cause them to take increasingly higher doses of the drug to get the same effects.
High doses of crack can result in physical or psychological dependence, overdose, or withdrawal symptoms. That’s why it can be very dangerous if someone suddenly stops using crack after using the drug for a while.

Withdrawal Symptoms

When someone suddenly stops using crack, they will likely experience withdrawal symptoms. Crack withdrawal symptoms can range in severity, from uncomfortable to life-threatening.
Due to the risk factors of more serious withdrawal symptoms, proper treatment for an addiction is necessary. It is the best way to ensure someone’s safety and make the recovery process easier all at once.

Common crack cocaine withdrawal symptoms include the following:6

Overdose Symptoms

When someone frequently takes high doses of crack cocaine, they are at an increased risk of an overdose. If someone overdoses, it’s important that they receive immediate medical attention. Common overdose symptoms of crack cocaine include the following:7
Crack cocaine overdose symptoms can be very severe. If someone is showing any symptoms of an overdose, it’s important to call 911 right away to secure immediate medical attention. When paramedics arrive, it’s important to inform them that a crack overdose may have occurred so that they can provide the proper treatment procedures.

Treatment for Addiction to Crack

Treatment for Addiction to Crack
If you are looking for help for crack cocaine addiction, know that it is possible. If you are wondering how to get help with crack and cocaine addiction, the following treatment options have been shown to be effective.

Addiction Therapy

Therapy is a common part of many crack cocaine addiction recovery programs. A therapist can provide you with assistance by helping you develop coping mechanisms, deal with any underlying conditions, and create a plan to sustain long-term sobriety.

Group Therapy

Group therapy can also be helpful when treating cocaine addiction because it can provide you with a sense of community. It will also show you that you’re not the only one struggling with addiction, which can be a comfort for many.

By sharing and discussing experiences with others who can relate, patients can work on learning how their thoughts influence their addiction. From there, they can create a plan for long-term success and lifelong sobriety.

Treatment Medications

During the treatment process, medications may be used to minimize the severity of withdrawal symptoms and make the recovery process easier. Five common medications that are effective in treating cocaine withdrawal symptoms are as follows:

You should speak with a doctor or treatment professional to determine if medication-assisted treatment is right for you.

Get Help Through Concise Recovery

If you or someone you know is struggling with addiction, you don’t have to go through it alone. Concise Recovery provides effective treatment options by creating a program that is suited to your needs. With a staff comprised of skilled nurses, therapists, doctors, and addiction professionals, you will receive the best possible care during the treatment process.