What is Dual Diagnosis?
A Look at SUD and Mental Health
Dual diagnosis is the combination of both substance abuse and mental health issues. They’ve been known to link up together, but this combination plagues many people today. Whether it’s depression and alcohol use or harsher medical conditions mixed with heavy drug use, this problem is not getting enough exposure in our current world.
Statistics on Dual Diagnosis
- According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 45% of Americans have a dual diagnosis. In addition, people with mental health issues are more likely to have a drug use problem than the general public.1
- Co-occurring illnesses affect 7.2% of patients over 50, compared with 28% of those with mental health problems but no drug addiction issues.1
- More than half of the patients suffering from mental health statistics did not receive a single treatment regimen that could have improved recovery rates and allowed them to return to everyday life quicker.1
- Some people with a Dual Diagnosis are only treated for one of their illnesses. According to projections, 34% of persons with coexisting disorders receive mental health treatment, 2% participate in opioid recovery programs, and 12% get the treatment they require for both issues.1
- Only 6% of Americans with a substance abuse problem and a mental illness received only mental health treatment. In comparison, 2% got just alcohol rehabilitation care, and 12% received dual diagnosis treatment, which combines both issues. Therefore, it’s critical to improving mental health statistics by treating both conditions at the same time.1
How Common is Dual Diagnosis?
According to the NSDUH, approximately 45% of Americans have a dual diagnosis. People who have a mental illness are roughly twice as likely as the average person to have an addiction.
A Discussion on Dual Diagnosis
Common Dual Diagnosis Conditions
Anxiety and Addiction
Addictions to substances can develop due to frequent usage, providing an escape. Addicts with panic disorders frequently use drugs or alcohol to alleviate their anxiety. Attempts to self-medicate with alcohol or drugs exacerbate the condition because they may induce panic attacks.
Rather than alcoholism, substance abuse is frequently used as a self-medication for anxiety. A study from Behaviour Research & Therapy showed that alcoholism occurs between 10 – 40% of all people who have anxiety. Also, they found that between 10 – 20% of people who have panic disorder abuse drugs.3
People with dual diagnosis who struggle with alcohol addiction might benefit from learning healthy, sober methods to cope with their panic symptoms to get back on track and break the cycle of problematic drug use. Through therapy, people with panic disorder will preserve inner well-being as they work on their drug or alcohol rehabilitation.
Depression And Addiction
Too often, depression is a stepping stone to substance abuse and alcohol abuse. There are several causes for this. First, it’s no secret that individuals who are depressed frequently turn to alcohol or drugs to alleviate the painful symptoms of severe sadness. However, as long as individuals don’t seek help, they’ll continue to be sad for a more extended period.
If you’ve been drinking to hide your symptoms of sadness for years, when you stop drinking, your depression may worsen. Likewise, your depression can worsen if you quit taking medications, especially if you have severe depression.
Treatment for both substance abuse and major depressive disorder must be handled carefully, which is why they must also be treated simultaneously as severe depressive illnesses.
PTSD and Addiction
The symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder are highly destructive to one’s mental state, and many people with PTSD are unable to adapt and go on medication or alcohol as a means to cope. As a result, 52% of males and 28% of females fall into the lifetime models for liquor misuse or dependence. In terms of sedate maltreatment, similar statistics from this survey indicate that 35% of males and 27% of women meet the standards.4
What is PTSD?
Schizophrenia and Addiction
What is Schizophrenia?
Dual Diagnosis Symptoms
- Sudden changes in behavior
- Distancing oneself from friends and family
- Increase of dangerous behaviors when under the influence
- Withdrawal symptoms
- Tolerance to drugs and alcohol
- The inability to function without the drug
Symptoms of Mental Health Disorders
- Feeling unhappy or depressed
- Poor thinking or attention deficit
- Excessive fears or worries, as well as extreme emotions of guilt
- Highs and lows in mood
- Withdrawal from friends and activities
- Low energy or sleeplessness due to tiredness
- The presence of false beliefs or deluded thinking (delusions), anxiety, or hallucinations
- Inability to handle day-to-day issues or tension
- Difficulty comprehending and relating to situations and people
- Alcohol or drug abuse
- Changes in eating habits
- Sex drive changes
- Excessive anger, rage, or violence
- Suicidal thoughts
Symptoms of Substance Use Disorder
- Feeling compelled to use the substance daily or several times each day
- Desiring the substance overwhelms any other thoughts
- Requiring more of the substance to achieve the same outcome
- Taking greater dosages of the substance for long periods than planned
- Maintaining a reliable supply of the drug
- Spending money on the drug, even though you can’t afford it
- Because of drug use, you may not keep up with your job or work responsibilities, or you might reduce the amount of social or recreational activities to avoid missing them
- Taking the drug because of personal denial, peer pressure, coercive persuasion techniques, peer review biases, and other psychological/social factors, even as it harms you
- Doing things to obtain a substance that you wouldn’t otherwise
- Taking risks like driving or engaging in other dangerous activities when you’re high
- Spending a significant amount of time obtaining the drug, taking the drug, or recovering from its side effects
- Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when you try to quit the drug
Why Co-Occurring Disorders Are Treated Differently
Co-occurring disorders are complicated and interdependent; thus, treatment that addresses only one diagnosis at a time is founded on a fundamentally incorrect understanding of co-occurrence. In reality, mental health and substance abuse are intimately connected and must be treated as such.
- Early age exposure to trauma
- Brain response
- Triggers in one’s environment
Integrated treatment is the best way to combat dual diagnosis because it provides mental and substance abuse treatment and skills to help the patient in the real world. Read on to learn more about treatment options.
Dual Diagnosis Treatment Options
How to Find the Right Treatment Program?
When dealing with dual diagnosis, you should look for the best dual diagnosis treatment centers in your area. It can be tricky to fight alone, and dual diagnosis therapy is highly recommended. The right program will be best for you and your loved ones. Several options are available for dual diagnosis rehab or dual diagnosis addiction treatment.
Dual Diagnosis Residential Treatment
Residential treatment is comparable to any drug rehabilitation center. The individual will reside at the treatment center for the duration of the process and will follow a schedule of therapy, exercise, and support group meetings.
Dual Diagnosis Outpatient Treatment
A dual diagnosis intensive outpatient program is one of the most common treatment methods. The treatment can work around the individual’s schedule, ideal for those with less severe addiction issues. Treatment will include many different services, including medication-assisted detox, support groups, and therapy.
Outpatient care is also a good step for those who have just finished residential care. It helps them to avoid relapse.
Outpatient care can be just as rigorous as residential care. Many dual diagnosis treatment centers will have day programs where people are at the center all day getting help with detox, withdrawals, and attending support groups and therapy.
Support groups can help people get on the right track and help them maintain sobriety. Many groups are available such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or Narcotics Anonymous (NA). Most groups will meet once or twice a week, making it a great supplement to dual diagnosis program outpatient care.
Self-medication is an option for dealing with substance abuse and a mental health diagnosis. It’s not recommended as there are no recommendations from a doctor or therapist to guide you down the right path. Dual diagnosis addiction treatment is the best way to work through issues.
Dual Diagnosis Rehab at Concise Recovery
Enrolling in addiction treatment is one of the finest decisions you’ll ever make, and we work hard to make this choice as easy as possible for you. You’re receiving the most excellent care with a team comprised of experienced therapists, physicians, nurses, and addiction specialists. Our approach to treating people is centered on the idea of creating a treatment plan that is entirely tailored to their specific requirements.